Children’s Literature: Literature helps his development?
The contribution of the literature on children’s development is much greater than we think. Many children, however, connect the book to school, so they refuse to deal with reading in their spare time as well as consider it part of their obligations to the school. The difficulty that may be encountered by parents lies precisely in the fact that we have to change this belief, to show the children that learning loving can become an enjoyable extracurricular activity.
Apart from the general denial toward reading, “enemies” of it are also TV and computers. Of course, we must not exclude the child from the occupations to read. The preference for literature will be become natural, with “initiation” of the child in the book.
This initiation to literature can start from a very young age. Indeed, the new programs of the Greek Ministry of Education provide entry literature in Kindergarten and the integration of the subject of “Book Reading Loving” in Elementary School.
There are even books that coincidentally serve the purpose of the course of Literature, and the love of reading at school and parents can use both for entertainment and for training purposes. A typical example is the work of Penelope Delta with attentive language and historical accuracy. At the same time, a book like “Wonderful trip of Nils Cholgerson” may be used as a different and enjoyable guide to geography.
As for poetry, the poem of Christos Boulotis “An erotic short story with a happy ending” may be used for educational purposes. Based on the poem we can play various toys (especially with children learning the alphabet).
We write the ‘neighborhoods’ of the letters on the table (or on a cardboard at home) and every neighborhood we say children who stay residents (each word must initiate by the letter of the neighborhood). Once you write all, the word ‘love’ begins its journey looking to find her partner. While traveling, she takes with her what she likes from every neighborhood. In the end, we read the poem to compare the choices of our word with the poet’s options.
For these reasons, the Children’s Literature is now an autonomous branch of literature with basic characteristics of simplicity, humor, optimism, educational content, and imagination.
The benefits of Literature:
Research shows that literature benefits the child, not only in school performance but also in its general behavior. In particular, it contributes to:
• the spiritual formation and aesthetic culture
• the correct structure of the brain increasing intelligence
• the development of imagination and creativity
• mental maturation
• abstract thinking
• critical thinking
• language development
• enriching the vocabulary
• the oral and written expression
• improving reading
• improving spelling
• knowledge acquisition
• For very young children who have not yet learned to read, the contact with illustrated stories increases the curiosity of the reader. Indeed, according to surveys, children who had dealt with their parents with children’s books had less difficulty in reading.
Recently the term “Book Therapy” was heard. Many psychologists argue that the reader identifies with the heroes of the book, with the concerns and feelings. In the book, he can see things for himself that he did not realize. This identification works in a redemptive way.
How can we “convince” our child to become a book reading lover?
• Do not push your child to read an extracurricular book. This a recreational pastime for his free time. Moreover, we offer hm neither rewards nor punishments.
• Because imitation is an important factor in development, if he sees us read, the books will look to him more accessible.
• To small children, we read illustrated tales and let them guess the rest of the story based on the pictures.
• We allow him only to choose the book he wants (especially at older ages). We can recommend some of the ideas, but remember that he should be interested in the story. Otherwise, he will get bored.
• When the child is in school his time is limited. For this reason, extracurricular books are good to read during the holidays, so he does not consider it an extra weight.
After he starts reading
- We show interest in his book. We talk to him about the plot, the author, whether he likes, but also for the book we read.
• We put him in place of heroes. We ask the child what he would do if he were in history, what hero would be so.
• The existence of a library at home will encourage the child to open up some of the books.
• We help the child to concentrate while reading. Good to have a specific place to read comfortably and not hear a noise.
• We can go to feasts and festivals dedicated to children’s book, a fairytale narratives but also to encourage the child itself to participate in literary competitions aimed at his age.
We can encourage him to continue to read by playing with him some games.
After reading a book, he paints a scene from the story that he liked.
Even the whole family can dramatize a scene or play puppet.
After reading a story, we ask the child to imagine “what would happen if…” giving him the chance to change history and give the end that would like. Towards this direction, we can change some elements of the story, e.g., Snow White, and the Giants or join stories example how two heroes of different stories would behave if also met (the Little Prince meets the Three Little Pigs).
If your child is interested, he can write itself a fairy tale. We can help by giving the essentials:
• What are the faces of history
• What is character of each person
• What is the place where the story occurs
- What is the basic plot
As the child gets to the complexity of activities grows too.
Finally, it is important to mention the rights of the reader, such as the French writer, Daniel Pennac does:
1. The Rights not to read
2. The right to miss pages
3. The right to not finish the book
4. The right to re-read the book
5. The right to read anything
6. The right to confuse the book with real life
7. The right to read anywhere
8. The right to be absorbed by the book
9. The right to read aloud
10. The right to stay quiet
a word of warning: Do not mock those who do not read, because you will make them not to read ever.
Books with which you can start contacting children with literature are:
The Little Prince, by Antoine De Saint-Exupéry
The high mountains, by Zaharias Papantoniou
Wildcat Under Glass, by Alki Zei
The Hoodlum, by Penelope Delta
The Strange Love of horse and popular, by Christos Boulotis
The magic pillows, by Eugene Triviza
Anagnostopoulos, D. (1990) The course literature: space creativity, enjoyment space. Routes 19
Apostolidou B., Hodolidou, R. (2006), Literature and Education, Athens: George Dardanos
Economides, A. (1997). International Children’s literature and language: reading to learn and learning to read, update, 9-11
Ideal for running, Tz. (1985). The grammar of fantasy / M trans. Vertsoni- Kokkola and Av. Angouridou- Strintzis. Athens: Presumption
To Vima Science, Many books in 4 strong mind at 18 Post 16/10/2012
Boulotis, Ch. (1997) An erotic short story with a happy ending. Athens: Greek Letters
Lagerlöf, S. (2004). The miraculous journey of Nils Cholgkerson. Athens: Ankara
Pennac, D. The Rights of the Reader
Source in Greek: fylada.blogspot.com